### Mathematics

In Mathematics 10C you will be encouraged to develop positive attitudes and to gain knowledge and skills through your own exploration of mathematical ideas- often with the help of study partners. As you progress through this course, you will also be encouraged to make connections to what you already know from your personal experiences. Building on your own experiences will give you a solid base for your understanding of mathematics.

There are seven mathematical processes that are critical aspects of learning, doing, and understanding mathematics. The Alberta Program of Studies incorporates the following interrelated mathematical processes. You will undergo these processes on a regular basis to help you achieve the goals of this course and future mathematics courses.

**Mathematics 20-1 and Mathematics 30-1**

These mathematics courses emphasize algebra and abstract reasoning. A good understanding of number relationships, fluency in calculation, and an ability to work with fractions are required skills. Topics covered developing algebraic skills, solving and graphing linear equations, and solving problems in trigonometry, statistics, and probability.

Technology is a part of Mathematics. Tools such as the Internet, computer spreadsheets, and graphing calculators are used.

*Students in this math stream require a graphing calculator. The Math Department and textbooks use Texas Instrument (TI) calculators for demonstration. Therefore, the calculators recommended by the Math Department are the TI-83, TI83+ or TI-84.

Mathematics 31 is a calculus course recommended for students who have an excellent mathematical background. Students, who plan to study science, math or engineering at university, should consider Mathematics 31. Most first year math courses at the university level are calculus; therefore Mathematics 31 is a valuable prerequisite.

For Mathematics 31, the prerequisite or co-requisite is Mathematics 30-1, it is highly recommended that Pure Mathematics 30 be completed before Mathematics 31 is started. Mathematics 30-2 is not a suitable prerequisite for Mathematics 31.

**Mathematics 20 - 2 and Mathematics 30-2**

These mathematics courses emphasize authentic mathematical problems solved through the use of data collection and numerical or graphical analysis. The applied courses are for students who are motivated by real-world problems in learning mathematics Topics covered include an emphasis on developing skills in graphing, working with linear functions, and solving problems using trigonometry, measurement tables, and spreadsheets.

Technology is an integral part of mathematics. The graphing calculator is the primary technological tool used for data collection, exploration, and problem solving. Tools such as the Internet and computer spreadsheets are also used.

*Students in this math stream require a graphing calculator. The Math Department and textbooks use Texas Instrument calculators for demonstration. Therefore, the calculators recommended by the Math Department are the TI-83, TI-83+ or TI-84.

In Mathematics 10-3 you will be encouraged to develop positive attitudes and gain knowledge and skills through your own exploration of mathematical ideas- often with the help of study partners. As you work through this course, you will also be encouraged to make connections to what you already know from your personal experiences. Building on your own experiences will give you a solid base for your understanding of mathematics.

There are seven mathematical processes that are critical to learning, doing, and understanding mathematics. You will experience these processes (communication, connections, mental mathematics and estimation, problem solving, reasoning, technology, and visualization) on a regular basis to help you achieve the goals of this course and future mathematics courses. You can find more information on these processes and on what you are expected to learn in this course in the Alberta Program of Studies.

There are four units in this Mathematics 10-3 course:

- Unit 1: Measurement Systems
- Unit 2: Using Measures
- Unit 3: Geometry
- Unit 4: Daily living

Each unit consists of content developed around a general topic. Units are made up of two or three modules and, in turn, modules are made up of several lessons. Each unit has an introduction that introduces you to the unit topic. There is also a Unit Project for each unit. You will work on each Unit Project as you progress through the associated unit.

The course involves an extensive look at consumer life skills. Topics covered include financial applications such as budgeting, banking, simple interest, compound interest, income tax, life insurance, and automobile ownership.

In Mathematics 20-3 you will learn and discover new math concepts through exploration and communicating with others. Through these discussions with your fellow learners, you will learn to communicate and reason mathematically as well as express your understanding.

In Mathematics 30-3 you will develop skills and knowledge that will help you to apply mathematical concepts and solve mathematical problems with confidence. As you progress through this course, you will be encouraged to engage in conversations with others. Through these discussions with your fellow learners, you will learn to communicate and reason mathematically as well as express your understanding.